Do you ever feel like during the winter your teeth are more sensitive? The reason this usually happens because the enamel on your teeth wears down and a layer underneath becomes exposed and is affected by temperature changes. Which means that if something that is cold or hot touches your teeth, you will feel pain.
when your teeth come into contact with extreme temperatures, they will actually contract and expand, similar to most other materials. This can lead to cracks in your teeth and will expose tiny tubes that are underneath the enamel of your teeth. This is a similar pain you feel from cavities and gum disease. The layer underneath the enamel is called dentin, this is basically the core of your teeth. The dentin is covered in nerve fibers, which is why your teeth can be very sensitive. Cold weather can cause sensitivity for anyone, regardless of how good you take care of your teeth. But it can be more common if you have poor oral health.
There are many different things that can expose the dentin of your teeth. But these are some of the most common causes.
- Periodontal disease: These are diseases that affect your gums. Gingivitis is the early stages of periodontal disease.
- Brushing too hard: when you brush your teeth, you don’t have to use a ton of strength. Light brushing can be just as effective. If you brush too hard it can actually wear down the enamel of your teeth. Take care to brush properly.
- Grinding: Both clenching and grinding your teeth will cause tooth enamel to wear down, which again will cause sensitivity. This is hard on your teeth and needs to be avoided.
- Acidic beverages: Drinks such as soda, tea, coffee, and other drinks that have acid in them can erode your teeth. Drink more water, and limit the number of acidic drinks you consume.
- Tooth Decay: This may seem obvious, but if you have tooth decay, then it is almost a guarantee that you will experience tooth pain. Visit your dentist for help.
- Lifestyle habits: Smoking, bad oral habits, not flossing, or other issues can cause your gums to recede. All of these could cause your teeth to reduce and expose that nerve layor. If this happens you will have to expect your teeth to feel sensitive.
If you have one of these problems with your teeth you don’t need to worry. There are ways to fix it!
- Fluoride application deposits a natural mineral onto your teeth and this will strengthen the enamel of your teeth. Your dentist can apply fluoride and they will suggest this if it will help.
- If you grind or clench your teet a lot, then wearing a mouthguard is a great idea. This will prevent damage to your teeth and could help with jaw pain as well.
- Root canals may be necessary if the decay is severe or the tooth is cracked.
- Visit the dentist regularly to prevent many of the major issues that can arise. Your dentist will be keeping your teeth strong and healthy, but you also need to have good oral health habits at home.
You should always visit the dentist if you are experiencing tooth sensitivity. It could be nothing, or something simple. But it could also be something more serious, and if you leave it to long it could become a major issue.